The reason Paul stressed God's Fathership of the Lord Jesus Christ in Gal. At the end of chapter 4, Paul used another illustration from the Old Testament to again reveal that we become connected with God through faith, not through obedience to the law or our own good works. He compared his fear, anticipation, and desire to help the Galatians to a woman about to give birth. Galatians 3:25, Galatians 4:21, Galatians 5:18; Romans 6:14. ἐξαγοράσῃ] Namely, as follows from τοὺς ὑπὸ νόμον, from the dominion of the law, Galatians 4:1-3 (in which its curse, Galatians 3:11, is included), and that through His death, Galatians 3:13. We've seen that the Book of Galatians was one of Paul's most intense epistles to the early church—probably in part because it was the first one he wrote. And as always, it's a good idea to read the chapter before going any further. Textual witnesses. (6) The lusts of the flesh, sins of body and mind are included, 5:19-21. If a father dies and leaves an inheritance for his young children, those children are not much better off than slaves until they grow up, even though they actually own everything their father had. He points back to his earlier relationship with the Galatian believers—a time in which they had cared for him physically even as he taught them spiritual truths. Rather, he was showing that God's true children haven't always been free in their covenant relationship with God. Circumcision counts for nothing. (19,20) And then explains the difference between what is to be expected from the law, and from the gospel. Both Jews and Gentiles were slaves to sin before the death and resurrection of Jesus opened the door for their inclusion in God's family. Introduction to the Book of Titus. Therefore, neither Jews nor Gentiles were superior to the other after receiving salvation through Christ. (5) Difference between one under law and under faith, 4:1-7. (4) The confirmation of Paul's divine call, 2:1-10. What counts is the new creation. Chapter. Made under the law— Both under the precept, and under the curse, of it. Read this chapter in full. BIBLE SUMMARY MAIN PAGE. 4 but when the completion of the time came, God sent his Son, born of a woman, born a subject of the Law,. galatians chapter 4 summary by on Thursday, November 26th, 2020. galatians chapter 4 summary. Father God, we ask You to please open our ears, eyes and heart so we can begin to understand the warnings You have written to us concerning false teachings about You and Your ways. Gal6: Restore anyone caught in sin. By proceeding, you consent to our cookie usage. Walk by the Spirit and not the flesh. The middle section of chapter 4 is where Paul softens his tone. paul's good will to the galatians should lead them to the same good will to him as they had at first shown. The book of Galatians is a Pauline Epistle (letter from Paul). Overview: the Epistles of the New Testament, Intro to Galatians: How to Be Free From the Burden of the Law, A Profile of Abraham of the Jewish Nation, M.A., Christian Studies, Union University, B.A., English Literature, Wheaton College. And because Hagar was a slave, she was not part of the promise given to Abraham. The original text was written in Koine Greek. "THE EPISTLE TO THE GALATIANS" Chapter Four OBJECTIVES IN STUDYING THIS CHAPTER 1) To appreciate the significance and blessedness of receiving the Spirit in our hearts (cf. galatians chapter 4 summary. His Son, miraculously made of the substance of a woman - A virgin, without the concurrence of a man. At the proper time God sent Jesus born under the law to redeem those living under it so we could receive the full rights of sonship. Galatians Summary by Jay Smith. This chapter contains one of Paul's richest statements in Christology. Galatians 4 is a call to sonship in Christ. The 66 Books of the Bible. They pretended affection, but they were not sincere and upright. Galatians 4. GALATIANS TOTAL CHAPTERS: 6 GALATIANS TOTAL VERSES: 149 TOTAL WORDS: 3,098 DATE WRITTEN: 49 or 55 AD AUTHOR: Paul GALATIANS THEME: Divine Nature of Paul’s Gospel. Legalism is almost always associated with some kind of religious bondage. Paul expressed his deep affection and care for the Galatians. Paul started Galatians Chapter 2 by discussing his journey to Jerusalem and what he experienced on during that time. Read this chapter in full. Sam O'Neal is the co-author of "Bible Stories You May Have Forgotten" and "The Bible Answer Book." SUMMARY CHART: EPISTLE TO THE GALATIANS: Gospel of Grace Defended: Gospel of Grace Explained: Gospel of Grace Applied: Defense of the Gospel Gal 1:1-2:21: Freedom from Legalism Gal 3:1-4:31: Freedom to Love and to Serve Gal 5:1-6:18: Labor: Liberty: Life: Authority Not Opinion: Freedom Not Bondage: Spirit Not Flesh: Personal Autobiography: Doctrinal Accuracy: Practical … Let us not give up doing good. Chapter 4. Galatians, Philippians, and Philemon Summary Galatians. 6 And because ye are sons, God hath sent forth the Spirit of his Son into your hearts, crying, Abba, Father. Read this chapter in full. Galatians 3 ends with Paul stating, once more, that those who are in Christ are Abraham's offspring, just as He is, making us heirs along with Him. In Galatians Chapter 4, Paul also talked about the two sons that Abraham had. (8-11) The apostle reasons against following false teachers. As we move into chapter 4, however, we begin to see the apostle's care and concern for the Galatian believers to break through. Paul Corrects Peter. All Rights Reserved. 1-7). (12-18) He expresses his earnest concern for them. It has become practically axiomatic since the appearance of Hans Dieter Betz's Hermeneia commentary that study of the argument and structure of Galatians begins with classical rhetoric. Read this chapter in full. Those who attempt to define salvation by keeping the law were making themselves slaves to the law, just as Hagar was a slave. Works and fruits brought forth in a man's own strength, are legal. 3 So also, when we were underage, we were in slavery under the elemental spiritual forces[ a] of the world. Galatians 5. A secondary theme (connected to the primary theme) is the dynamic between Jewish Christians and Gentile Christians. A Roman father appointed guardians to manage his child’s affairs until 25 years of age, at which time the heir came of age. One of the main arguments of the Judaizers was that Jewish believers had a superior connection with God. (Most scholars believe Paul had a difficult time seeing during his time with the Galatians; see v. 15). When Paul sits down to put pen to parchment to write to his friends in Galatia, he's not exactly feeling the warm fuzzies for them. But when the fulness of the time — Appointed by the Father, Galatians 4:2. Intro to Galatians: How to Be Free From the Burden of the Law. This chapter is divided into 31 verses. Posted on November 26, 2020 by November 26, 2020 by (7) The fruits of the spirit, 5:22-23. He points back to his earlier relationship with the Galatian believers—a time in which they had cared for him physically even as he taught them spiritual truths. Sow to the Spirit and reap eternal life. 1 Think of it this way. | Terms of Use | Privacy Policy | Contact Us | Sitemap. 5 to redeem the subjects of the Law, so that we could receive adoption as sons.. 6 As you are sons, God has sent into our hearts the Spirit of his Son crying, 'Abba, Father';. Jn 7:37-39; Ac 2:38; 5:32; Ro 5:5; 8:11-17; 15:13; 2Co 1:22; 5:5; Ep 1:13-14; 3:16; 4:30) 2) To understand Paul's concern over the Galatians' observance of holy days (cf. Paul goes in a number of different directions throughout the chapter, as listed above; however, that comparison is his primary theme. It is authored by Paul the Apostle for the churches in Galatia, written between 49–58 CE. The first covenant spirit is of bondage unto sin and death. Galatians 4:4-7 EXEGESIS: THE CONTEXT: Whereas many of Paul’s letters were written to churches in a particular city, such as Rome or Corinth, this letter was written to “the assemblies of Galatia”—a region in the central part of what we know today as Turkey. The relationship was entirely dependent on God choosing His people through grace. Galatians 4 continues that idea, showing how Christ's arrival signaled the moment all people could receive the inheritance with Him and be adopted as God's children. Summary. Specifically, Paul compared the lives of two women—Sarah  and Hagar from way back in Genesis—in order to make a point: Paul wasn't comparing Sarah and Hagar as individuals. Galatians 4 is the fourth chapter of the Epistle to the Galatians in the New Testament of the Christian Bible. He is a former editor for Christianity Today and LifeWay Christian Resources. Apostle Paul - Christian Messenger. Let us not give up doing good. Paul makes it clear in this chapter that ethnicity does not play a factor in terms of our relationship with God. chapter 4. galatians 4:1-31. the same subject continued: illustration of our subjection to the law only till christ came, from the subjection of an heir to his guardian till he is of age. New International Version 4 What I am saying is that as long as an heir is underage, he is no different from a slave, although he owns the whole estate. What counts is the new creation. [] 6 Because you are his sons, God sent the Spirit of his Son into our hearts, the Spirit who calls out, “Abba, [] Father. ) 7 Aug 2013. Chapter Contents. Erasmus well says: “dato pretio assereret in libertatem.” 4. But if arising from faith in Christ, they are evangelical. He said they went to Jerusalem because some people had sneaked in and told people things that were contrary to Paul’s message of freedom in Christ. The folly of returning to legal observances for justification. Read in full These summaries are no substitute for the real thing! He had lived among them during his earlier missionary journey, and he had a deep desire to see them retain a correct view of the gospel so that they would not be led astray. 8 Aug 2013. The middle section of chapter 4 is where Paul softens his tone. 4:4 was correctly discerned by Pink who declared that "God must be the Father of the Lord Jesus Christ, in order to be the God and Father of his people whom he chose in Christ." Paul pleads with the church not to turn back to the weak and miserable principles of the law to be enslaved by them again. 7 Aug 2013. Paul was the apostle to the gentiles, as noted in Galatians 2:7-9: “The gospel for the uncircumcised had been committed to me.” But it seems a group of individuals in the synagogues would play a major part in his work with gentiles. Sow to the Spirit and reap eternal life. Paul made this distinction to demonstrate how sacred we are in the eyes of God. As with the preceding chapters, the primary theme of Galatians 4 is the contrast between Paul's original proclamation of salvation through faith and the new, false declarations by the Judaizers that Christians must also obey the Old Testament law in order to be saved. Let's dig in. Use your freedom to love one another. (1-7) The happy change made in the Gentile believers. … MIRACLES & WONDERS IN BIBLE. The key personalities of this book are the Apostle Paul, Peter, Barnabas, Abraham, Titus, and false teachers. 7 and so you are no longer a slave, but a son; and if a son, then an heir, by God's own act. Your email address will not be published. He described them as one from a bondmaid while the other one was of a free woman. Paul's Road to … The first section of this chapter concludes Paul's logical and theological arguments against the Judaizers—those who had falsely taught the Galatians to seek salvation through obedience to the law, rather than through Christ. Finally, Galatians 4 spells out Paul's genuine care for the welfare of the Galatians. The first one he mentioned was his journey to Jerusalem with Barnabas and Titus. 4 But when the fulness of the time was come, God sent forth his Son, made of a woman, made under the law, 5 To redeem them that were under the law, that we might receive the adoption of sons. Galatians 6. 1 comment. Their freedom was a result of God's promise and faithfulness—God made a promise to Abraham and Sarah that they would have a son, and that all the nations of the earth would be blessed through him (see Genesis 12:3). A Quick Outline of the Book of Romans. Paul was deeply concerned that the Galatians avoid being pulled into a false expression of Christianity that would damage them spiritually. Notice how Paul addressed his audience in the synagogue in Acts 13: “Men of Israel, and you who fear God, listen” (verse 16, emphasis added throughout). Earliest Days of the Roman Christian Church . 2 comments Gal6: Restore anyone caught in sin. Both had been granted equal status as children of God (vv. Galatians 5. It was written by the Apostle Paul about 49 A.D. prior to the Jerusalem Council which had taken place in 50 A.D. Paul countered this argument by pointing out that the Galatians had been adopted into God's family. BEWARE OF DIFFERENT GOSPELS (Galatians 1:6-9) Before we begin our study let us pray, Dear Heavenly Father, Father we come before You in the name of our Lord and Savior Jesus Christ. Even though Paul founded the church there and explicitly told them everything they ever needed to know about Jesus, the Galatians haven't exactly been toeing the line. Pastor Bob Yandian gives his summary of Galatians chapter 4 for the Fall Bible Study. He has adopted Jews and Gentiles into His family on equal terms. Biography of Paul of Tarsus. This quite possibly could have been Paul’s first letter. He also spurned the Judaizers once again for attempting to derail the spiritual maturity of the Galatians simply to further their own agenda against him and his work. Paul uses the Roman practice of tutela impuberes, “guardianship for a minor,” to illustrate man’s temporary subjection to the law. Galatians 1. Text. Was come, God sent forth— From his own bosom. (3) The reasons Paul gives to show that his teaching is not of man, 1:11 end. The Jewish people had been following God for centuries, they claimed; therefore, they were the only ones qualified to determine the best methods for following God in their day. Comment. (Most scholars believe Paul had a difficult time seeing during his time with the Galatians; see v. 15). Understanding the Book of Acts. Galatians 5: Bible Chapter Summary. Galatians 4: Chapter Summary. The two covenants of works and grace, and legal and evangelical professors, are shadowed forth. On the surface, this sounds like a simple reference to God-fearing Israelites. The one born from the bondsmaid was born after the flesh, whereas the other one was born by God’s promise. Galatians: Chapter 4 God's Little Heirs and Heiresses See, Paul's point (and he totally has one) is that we're all kind of like kids who are about to inherit a fortune. Ritual-Based Religion is contrary to God’s Plan. Paul brought it right down to the issues confronting the Galatian Christians. Cancel {{#items}} {{/items}} Galatians 4. we are justified by faith, and not by rituals. Galatians 4 - Children of the Promise. 2 The heir is subject to guardians and trustees until the time set by his father. Freedom In Christ. 4 But when the set time had fully come, God sent his Son, born of a woman, born under the law, 5 to redeem those under the law, that we might receive adoption to sonship. 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